SDRAM PC100 Memory Testing Software
You can write your own routine or use ready-made utilities. We recommend using the ctsmb.exe program (System-Management-Bus-Scanner 1.2), which works if there is a South-Bridge PIIX4 on the motherboard (PIIX…

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What to do?
Do not panic. Without delay, check all computers for compatibility with 2000. For this, there are programs, including freely distributed ones. You can get them online. In particular, the site…

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Operating system role
The operating system is the ultimate authority in resolving hardware problems associated with the change of centuries. It is the operating system in most cases that tells applications the current…

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copies of information

What is worse than the “golden” wheels?

The prerequisites for the fact that the “golden” discs are worse than the “aluminum” ones are laid down in the recording technology itself. Standards for compact discs provide that the reflection of the laser beam from bright areas should be at least 70%.

Such requirements are met for stamped discs. However, recordable discs, unlike stamped discs, have an additional recording layer of organic polymer. This layer has limited transparency. Therefore, standards for recordable discs allow that reflection from highlights should be at least 65%. Continue reading

Are “stamped” discs really so perfect?

“Stamped” discs (or, if you want, “aluminum”) can be made in various ways. The most common is, to be precise, injection molding, rather than stamping. Modern technologies make it possible to achieve extremely high manufacturing accuracy, however, compact discs made in this way will be prohibitively expensive. Therefore, really “stamped” discs contain many single, at least errors. The main thing is that the available number of errors does not cause a decrease in read speed. Continue reading

Auto Head Parking

Fall to the surface with a characteristic “crackle”. At the same time, they tear off microscopic particles from the surface, consisting of particles of the working layer of the carrier.

It is believed that drives can withstand thousands of “takeoffs” and “landings” of heads. Therefore, the rule – do not turn off the computer during the working day – is relevant. The fewer on-offs, the more likely the computer will not fail, the higher. Continue reading

How the intranet works
If you choose the most important thing (at least for small businesses), in order for your network to be called an "intranet", it is necessary that: information exchange between participants…

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But this is not Intel at all!
The ways of AMD and Intel, from our point of view, have long diverged. If earlier it was possible to install at least Intel or at least AMD into the…

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Checking the status of the Zip drive
TIP.EXE is a Zip disk surface quality test. The principle of the program is as follows: this program reads each sector of data from the disk, enters them into the…

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SPD EEPROM Specification
In addition to the description of the transmission interface, I2C information, the PC SDRAM Serial Presence Detect (SPD) Specification specification defines the information recorded in the EEPROM by the manufacturer.…

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